License Image The organs of the female reproductive system consist of: internal: ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus, cervix and vagina external: mons pubis, labia majora, labia minora, clitoris, and Bartholin’s glands Nearby structures are the bladder, urethra, pubic bone, rectum and anus. The ovaries produce oocytes (eggs) and the hormones estrogen and progesterone. The Bartholin’s glands […]
License Image The male reproductive organs include the testes, the epididymis, the vas deferens, seminal vesicles, prostate, bulbourethral glands, scrotum and penis. Nearby structures are the bladder and rectum. Sperm are produced in the testes and move into the epididymis where they mature over a period of 10 to 14 days. Sperm are stored here […]
License Image The breast, or mammary gland, consists of glandular tissue, ducts, fibrous tissue, blood vessels, lymphatic vessels and fat. The glandular tissue of the breast consists of 15-20 lobes arranged radially around the nipple. Each lobe has it’s own duct. The glands are surrounded by adipose tissue (fat), and throughout the breast are fibrous […]
License Image In this cross section of the breast we see the lactiferous ducts, which open at the areola. The breast glands and ducts are surrounded by fatty and ligamentous tissue. The dialated portion of the duct near the areola is the ampulla. The ducts begin at the milk glands which are arranged in lobules. […]
License Image This illustration shows the stages of ductal breast cancer. A Normal Duct DCIS or Ductal Carcinoma in Situ The cancer cells are contained within the duct. Invasive Ductal Cancer The cancer cells have spread through the duct wall into surrounding tissues. Metastatic Breast Cancer The cancer cells have spread to other organs of […]
License Image This illustration shows the transvaginal mesh placed in between the vaginal and bladder walls. When complications occur, the mesh can erode through either the bladder or vaginal walls, causing infection, pain, and scarring. When erosion through the vaginal wall occurs, pain during intercourse can result.
License Image Surgical mesh for pelvic organ prolapse has different shapes and configurations according to which organs it is intended to support. The transvaginal mesh pictured is for prolapsed bladder, and urinary incontinence support. Transvaginal mesh may be made of polypropylene. This material can degrade within the body and cause inflammation, act as host to […]
License Image Your bladder, and other pelvic organs are supported by the muscles, ligaments and connective tissue of the pelvic floor. These supportive tissues can become stretched or weakened by childbirth or surgery, or by chronic strain such as heavy lifting. When a pelvic organ, such as the bladder, uterus or rectum, loses it’s support […]